Cristalleries de Baccarat
Twenty-Four-Light Candelabrum, ca. 1888–1914
Blown, pressed, cut glass
This 24-light candelabrum contains more than 800 individual pieces of prismatic glass delicately balanced on a metal armature. Baccarat introduced this design at a World’s Fair in Paris and continued to produce it until World War I. The company’s original version held candles, but later models, such as this one, were adapted for electricity.
The Compagnie des Verreries et Cristalleries de Baccarat was founded in 1764 in the small town of Baccarat in the Lorraine region of France. Known for its fine quality lead crystal glass, the company began exhibiting dazzlingly large candelabra, fountains, and furniture during the mid-19th century as new technologies allowed for the construction and annealing of large pieces of glass. Along with British glass companies such as F. & C. Osler and Jonas Defries & Sons, Baccarat marketed to wealthy rulers of the Near East and India who were eager to decorate their palaces with these mammoth glass furnishings.