American (b. Scotland, 1821–1882)
Lincoln and Tad, Washington, D.C., February 5, 1865
Alexander Gardner is one of the most important early chroniclers of American history. From 1861 to 1862, he worked under acclaimed photographer Mathew Brady to visually record the U.S. Civil War. Their work comprised the very first photographic documentation of war. Gardner photographed Abraham Lincoln at least thirty-seven times, more than twice as often as any other photographer. This image of Lincoln with his fourth child, Thomas, who was known as Tad, was made at Lincoln's last formal portrait sitting.