Sekhmet, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, Reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1353 B.C.
In ancient Egypt, the lion-headed Sekhmet, “the Powerful,” was the deadly handmaiden of the sun god Re. Sent by Re to punish his enemies, she unleashed a massacre so bloody that the god himself had to intervene to stop it. As the goddess of vengeance and human calamity—war, disease, plague—she required appeasement to keep her powers in check.